The town of Pavia in Iloilo City was founded as an independent parish under the advocation of Santa Monica in 1862. It was Fray Policarpio Minayo, the parish priest from 1863-1873 who started this church mainly made of bricks. Fray Antonio Fermentino (1882-87, 1888-1890) continued it and Fray Lazaro Ramirez (1895-1899) finished it during between his curacy.
Pedro Galende OSA in Angels and Stone wrote that the style of the church belongs to the Romanesque Order with Byzantine elements. I love the architecture of this church, simple yet elegant. It is generally made of brick with the outlines of the windows, entrances and decorative columns at the facade made from coral stones, thus giving a contrasting red and white color.
The facade is unified and balanced and, interestingly, it has a semblance, minus the front columns, to its namesake, the original Pavia Cathedral in Italy that was built starting in the 15th century.