Dauis watchtower after the October 2013 earthquake

The devastating 15 October 2013 affected both Bohol and Cebu with the former suffering heavy damage. In preparation for our launched coffeetable book, Pagsulay, I was able to visit Bohol in November 2013. Although Dauis church sustained heavy damage, the Dauis watchtower has sustained cracks and some dislodged stone pieces. READ MORE: The Dauis watchtower …


The Dauis watchtower of 1774

A few meters off the left nave of the present Dauis (Bohol) Church (built starting 1863 and is the fifth church edifice) is an old hexagonal watchtower, older than the former structure. Rather short, the top affords a good view of the sea and it guarded Dauis from muslim slave raiders that ravaged the Visayas …


Fortified settlement ruins of Daanglungsod, Oslob

Oslob has always been frequented by Muslim slave raiders but in 1813, with the aid of Fray Julian Bermejo’s string of watchtowers, the local armed militia was able to repel and capture the leader of a raiding party off Sumilon Island. This decisive event led to the formation of a new town that is now the current poblacion of Oslob. Prior to that and located around two kilometers south, are the ruins of a former fortified settlement called Daanglungsod.

Tea, trade and tears: the Muslim slave raids of the 18th-19th centuries, Part 3 of 3

The Muslim slave raids in the middle of the 18th to the middle of the 19th centuries were indeed one of the darkest years of colonial Philippines. It is estimated that during this period, around 200,000 natives were abducted. Because of the ineffectiveness and lack of political will of the governing colonial power to stem these raids, and prior to 1848, the navy vessels were often outrun by the faster prahus, or, in the case of Bicol, refused the request of the mayors to arm their towns for fear that the townspeople will revolt against them, these depradations dragged on for more than a hundred years.

Tea, trade and tears: the Muslim slave raids of the 18th-19th centuries, Part 2 of 3

The pirate wind, locally called the habagat or the southwest monsoon blows between May and October. It intensifies in August and September of which the Ilanun (or Iranun or Lanun) and later, the Balangingi (Iranun and their captives who were integrated into their community living in the island of Balangingi) took advantage. These were the months that communities across Southeast Asia were afraid of.

The unfinished cuartel of Oslob

Located front-right of the church of Oslob, just outside the perimeter stone fence and near the sea, at the intersection of Calle Aeternidad (Eternidad?) and the end of Calle Aragones, an unfinished building made of coral blocks stand. This unfinished structure was the cuartel, intended for the Spanish soldiers or guardia civil.