One of the bastions that comprise the former fortified settlement of Daanglungsod in Oslob. Translated to English, it means "old town" in Cebuano.
To put into context the different Spanish colonial era fortifications in the Philippines, I have prepared a 3-part series about this. Read all about it starting with this post.
Oslob has always been frequented by Muslim slave raiders that passed these areas during the amihan or northwest moonsoon on their return trip to Sulu with their boatloads of captives. The year 1813 was significant to the townspeople as it was during this time that, with the aid of Fray Julian Bermejo’s string of watchtowers, the local armed militia was able to repel and capture the leader of a raiding party off Sumilon Island. This decisive event led to peace and a stop to the slaving, enough reason that a new town was formed, now the current poblacion of Oslob.
Daanglungsod was originally named Bolocboloc, two kilometers south of the present center of the municipality. Just along the highway infront of the sea are the ruins of a once fortified settlement that is believed to have been constructed in 1788. The quadrilateral fort has five bastions made from coral stones. Window openings still have its molave planks as lintels.
The area is quite big. At the front-center is a modern chapel where the original might have stood. At one side is said to be the main entrance, as Javellana wrote in his book. So does this mean that the current roadside entrance fronting the chapel was originally closed? Near this religious structure are stone foundations, remnants of habitable structures found near two walls.
Curiosly, at the center is a ruined watchtower. Why was this here? Was this part of Fray Bermejo’s network of fortifications to warn of approaching raiders? Or does this predate the walls, one that was constructed first? At the back of this settlement is a hill that has another watchtower built. It provides a breathtaking view of Cebu Strait and the neighboring islands of Bohol, Siquijor and Negros.
The current condition of the ruins of Daanglungsod is very bad. Overgrown with vegetation, the walls are deteriorating and crumbling to this day.
One of the bastions that comprise the former fortified settlement of Daanglungsod in Oslob. Translated to English, it means “old town” in Cebuano.
A watchtower made from coral stones located at a promontory behind the ruins. It gives an impressive view of the sea and neighboring islands..
At the center is a watchtower. Does this predate the walls or part of Fray Bermejo’s network?
A modern chapel facing the sea where probably the original structure used to stand.
A view inside of a bastion. Some archival photos of some watchtowers in the country used to have a covered wooden upper floor.
Foundations of another ruined structure. Made of coral stone blocks, these are all found beside the front and left walls but not at the back.
One of a series of holes, about 6 inches in diameter, at the watchtower. The view is now partly blocked by vegetation. Did sentinels positioned their guns here?
Remnants of structures within the walls. Can these be stairs leading up to a second floor?
This opening is said to be the main entrance of the fortified settlement. This one leads to a few houses at the side of the ruins.
Coral, pebbles and limestone that makes up the watchtower. These materials were readily available and had been used in many coastal churches and structures.
Part of the corner right rear wall. It is only the back portion where the perimeter has really deteriorated with portions of the left section gave away.
Another opening, this time, at the back wall leading to the promontory. Curiously, this portion is not as thick as the rest. Is this a later construct?
Antique hardwood planks can still be found at a bastion opening even with exposure to the elements and salty air. The wood is more than 200 years old.
A crumbling bastion found at the right corner of the ruins. Overgrowth has further weakened the stones.
A hole in the ground found at a former structure within the walls. This might probably be where a wooden post was erected.